Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation (Policies)

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Basis of Presentation (Policies)
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2019
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements of Natus Medical Incorporated (“Natus,” or the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Except where noted below within Note 1, the accounting policies followed in the preparation of the interim condensed consolidated financial statements are consistent in all material respects with those presented in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Interim financial reports are prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission; accordingly, the reports do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for annual financial statements. The interim financial information is unaudited, and reflects all normal adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for the fair presentation of our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the interim periods presented. The Company has made certain reclassifications to the prior period to conform to current period presentation. The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 was derived from audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. The accompanying financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2019. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recent Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This standard requires lease assets and lease liabilities arising from operating leases to be presented in the statement of financial position. Qualitative along with specific quantitative disclosures are required by lessees and lessors to meet the objective of enabling users of financial statements to assess the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 including interim periods within those fiscal years. In July 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases, which affects narrow aspects of the guidance issued in the amendments in Update 2016-02. In July 2018, the FASB also issued ASU 2018-11, Targeted Improvements. The amendments in ASU 2018-11 provide additional clarification and implementation guidance on certain aspects of the previously issued ASU 2016-02 and have the same effective and transition requirements as ASU 2016-02.
The new standard provides a number of optional practical expedients in transition. The Company elected the 'package of practical expedients,' which permits an entity to not reassess prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs under the new standard. The Company has not elected the use-of-hindsight practical expedient or the practical expedient pertaining to land easements; the latter of which is not applicable to the Company. The Company made an accounting policy election to keep leases with an initial term of 12 months or less off the balance sheet. The Company will recognize those lease payments in the Consolidated Statements of Operations on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
The new standard became effective for the Company on January 1, 2019. The Company adopted the new standard using the modified retrospective transition method with the effective date as the date of initial application. Upon adoption, the Company recognized additional new lease assets of approximately $19.5 million and additional lease liabilities of approximately $22.3 million as of January 1, 2019. The standard did not materially affect consolidated net earnings. By electing the effective date as the date of initial application, financial performance has not been adjusted and the disclosures required under the new standard have not been provided for periods prior to January 1, 2019. See Significant Accounting Policies and Note 14 for additional discussion and disclosure.
The adoption of the new standard did not impact the Company's liquidity or debt-covenant compliance under its current agreements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350). This update modifies the concept of impairment from the condition that exists when the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value to the condition that exists when the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value. An entity no longer will determine goodwill impairment by calculating the implied fair value of goodwill by assigning the fair value of a reporting unit to all of its assets and liabilities as if that reporting unit had been acquired in a business combination. Instead an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value. ASU 2017-04 is effective for the Company's annual and any interim goodwill impairment tests performed on or after January 1, 2020. The Company elected to early adopt. The adoption of ASU 2017-04 did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). This update permits a company to reclassify its disproportionate income tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “2017 Act”) on items within accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) to retained earnings (termed “stranded tax effects”). Only the stranded tax effects resulting from the 2017 Act are eligible for reclassification. The ASU is effective for the Company on January 1, 2019. Upon adoption, the Company reclassified its stranded tax effects resulting from the 2017 Act of $1.3 million, resulting in a decrease to AOCI and an increase to retained earnings as of January 1, 2019.
Recent Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Credit Losses (Topic 326). This update requires financial assets measured at amortized cost, such as trade receivables and contract assets, to be presented net of expected credit losses, which may be estimated based on relevant information such as historical experience, current conditions, and future expectation for each pool of similar financial asset. The new guidance requires enhanced disclosures related to trade receivables and associated credit losses. In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-05 which provides targeted transition relief guidance intended to increase comparability of financial statement information. The guidance for both of these is effective beginning January 1, 2020. The Company is evaluating the impact, if any, that these pronouncements will have on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13 Fair Value Measurement (Topic 813), Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. This update amends Topic 820 to add, remove, and clarify disclosure requirements related to fair value measurement disclosure. For calendar year-end entities, the update will be effective for annual periods beginning January 1, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption of the amendments is permitted, including adoption in any interim period. As the standard relates only to disclosures, the Company does not expect the adoption to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements and is still evaluating if it will early adopt.
Leases
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception of the lease. Right-of-use (“ROU”) assets represent the right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent an obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. As most of the Company's leases do not provide an implicit borrowing rate, generally the Company uses an incremental borrowing rate based on the estimated rate of interest for collateralized borrowing over a similar term of the lease payments at the lease commencement date. The Company uses the implicit rate when readily determinable. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease payments made and excludes lease incentives. The Company's lease terms may include options to exclude or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that they will exercise that option. Lease expense for lease payments are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Operating leases are included in operating lease ROU assets, accrued liabilities, and operating lease liabilities in the Company's consolidated balance sheet. Finance leases are included in property and equipment, accrued liabilities, and other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet.
The Company has lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, which are generally accounted for based on the type of asset. For real estate and telecom leases, the Company accounts for these components separately. For equipment leases, such as office equipment and vehicles, the Company accounts for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component.